Atrakcyjność turystyczna parków na obszarach miejskich – zarys problemu

Andrzej Kowalczyk

Abstrakt


Park należy rozumieć jako zaplanowaną przestrzeń pokrytą wprowadzoną przez cżłowieka, półnaturalną lub naturalną roślinnością. Zazwyczaj powstają one w celu zapewnienia rozrywki i wypoczynku, ale niektóre są zakładane w celu ochrony przyrody. Park i ogród odzwierciedla harmonię, jaka powinna istnieć między człowiekiem a przyrodą. Od czasów starożytnych ogrody były odwiedzane przez podróżników. Niektóre parki i ogrody, jak Central Park w Nowym Jorku, czy Parc Güell w Barcelonie, budzą duże zainteresowanie wśród turystów również obecnie, nie tylko z powodu walorów przyrodniczych, ale i walorów kulturowych. Parki na obszarach miejskich składają się nie tylko z trawników, drzew i skał, ale wiele z nich ma na swoim terenie budynki historyczne, pomniki, fontanny, a także infrastrukturę dla aktywnego wypoczynku – place zabaw, boiska, trasy piesze i rowerowe itp. Artykuł dotyczy atrakcyjności turystycznej parków na obszarach miejskich. Na początku autor przedstawia dane pochodzące z rankingów obejmujących czołowe parki miejskie na świecie. W drugiej części artykułu przedstawiono krótki opis czterech parków miejskich: w Pradze (Czechy), Madrycie (Hiszpania), Isfahanie (Iran) i Victorii (Hongkong).

Słowa kluczowe


ogród; park miejski; atrakcyjność turystyczna

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